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Medication For Treating Addiction

How Medications Help Addiction Treatment


The use of other drugs may be needed to ensure the treatment is a success and that withdrawal symptoms are eased. Staying sober can be much easier for a recovering addict with the help of medication. Some people striving to quit drugs or alcohol relapse since they cannot deal with withdrawal side effects. In many inpatient and outpatient treatment centres, medications are part of the addiction treatment program. The adjustment of dosage in treatment is only made for user to achieve proper soberness.


These medicines can ease withdrawal side effects and desires.


Detoxing And Withdrawal

The user need to get free themselves from the drug in the early stage of recovery. This process is known as detox or cleansing Depending on the drug in question, the detoxification period may be as long as several weeks or just a few days.

The most difficult stage of detox is dealing with withdrawal side effects. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. The ones that were using opiates in high dosages for a long-term have the worst side effects.


During the detox process, the former drug addicts pass through many painful side effects. They may include:

  • Feeling anxious
  • Feeling depressed
  • Vomiting
  • Convulsive attack
  • Body pains
  • Sweating

Different withdrawal symptoms are treated with different medications. The doctor might recommend a patient to take some of the following:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • These drugs decrease nervousness and irritability.
  • Stress is mostly associated with withdrawal from drugs like Cocaine and Heroin
  • Benzos have tranquilizing symptoms, which helps comforting alcohol withdrawals.
  • Doctors are careful when it comes about prescribing benzos since they are habit-forming.
  • Antidepressants
  • A brain that has been addicted to drugs is not able to produce the chemicals that give pleasant feelings on its own.
  • Since they have depended on drugs to keep them satisfied for a long-term, people in detoxification frequently pass through depression.
  • To avoid such feelings till the time the brain itself starts producing happiness-inducing chemicals, Zoloft and Prozac (antidepressants) should be used.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
  • Seizures and tremors can also be treated using Clonidine.

People who are detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines for instance Valium or Xanax must never leave "cold turkey" in middle as their withdrawal sign can be fatal. Complications from other drugs can arise but are not considered life threatening. Medical assistance guarantees protection and accomplishment in detoxification.

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Addiction Medication

The period of withdrawal signs range from several weeks to months depending on the extended time of abusing alcohol regularly. When withdrawal symptoms last longer than usual, this is referred to as Post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

Maintenance treatment can alleviate PAWS and can curb cravings or make the addict incapable to take alcohol. Patient take these tablets every day.


Alcohol addiction medication includes:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone prevent receptors in the brain that generate alcohol's satisfying side effects.
  • The urge to drink can be reduced.
  • Sickness and migraine are cause by Naltrexone.
  • It can be given via injection once every four weeks.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • The psychological and bodily stress emanating from alcohol abuse is relieved by taking Acamprosate (Campral).
  • Once alcohol detox is complete the patient can begin to take Acamprosate.
  • Acamprosate decreases the craving to drink by avoiding negative sensations, such as nervousness and depression.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • This was the first approved medication for alcohol abuse.
  • Side effects like vomiting are likely to occur if a person taking Disulfiram takes alcohol.
  • To avoid this sickness, the person who is taking Disulfiram must not consume drink.

Familiarize yourself with available treatments for alcohol dependency.


Medication For Treating Opiate Addiction

Drugs in the opiate group are Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin. Opiate and Heroin medicines comfort urges and withdrawal side effects. Recommended dosage is a tablet a day.

Withdrawal from Opiate use can go on for only a week for some people. Other drugs can have an extended withdrawal side effects. In some circumstances, the withdrawal side effects may last for months or years. Extended replacement medicines can put an end to strong desires and PAWS. Ex-patients can use these medicines as long as they want.

Medication for Heroin and painkillers are as follows:

  • Methadone
  • Methadone is for normal to high Opiate addictions.
  • Methadone links to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers but without the high.
  • This drug suppressing the craving and withdrawal symptoms.
  • Methadone is prescribed with attention since some patients have become addicted to it instead of Heroin and painkillers.
  • Methadone clinics manage the drug on daily routine to avoid abuse.
  • More About Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine works in a similar way to Methadone but does not need to be as closely regulated due to the possibility of addiction is far less.
  • This medication can often be taken at home without having to go to the centre each day.
  • Naltrexone
  • Naltrexone works for both Opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
  • It prevents the cravings for use.
  • The same brain receptors are activated for both alcohol and Opiates.

Medical Detox And Rehab

Some people pick detoxification on their own. This isn't just more difficult, it is also more risky than a medical detoxing. The best way to successfully recover is to undergo medical detoxification which is done in a safe environment. Medical detoxification is necessary for people dependent on alcohol or Benzodiazepines.

It is wise to start the first step in addiction treatment with a medically supervised detox program.

Many health problems can be dealt with in a medically supervised detox. The patient's vital signs and fluid levels can be monitored by a doctor. If the patient experiences discomfort, they can be eased with the help of the doctor. Doctors adjust the medication for long-term program and as per the need of patients.

Patients with other health complications would be well advised to go on a medical detox. Hypertension is a risk complication for patients going through detox, and the medical profession best handles it. Any type of issue is solved by the doctor.

Inpatient rehab often includes detox. Inpatient rehab acquire 30-90 days in some cases. The primary week is of carefully monitored detoxification. To improve the odds of recovering successfully, rehabilitation usually includes treatments such as behavioural therapy.

Find a rehab centre with proper medical detox for love ones call 0800 246 1509.