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CBT Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

What Is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a treatment for psychological problems that seeks to address the thinking or behaviour patterns of a person with a mental health condition.

A classification of mental health counselling is cognitive-behavioural therapy which was founded in the 1960s by Dr. Aaron T. Beck.


Get Necessary Resources To Overcome Addiction

Getting rid of an addiction needs certain resources and people. Outpatient or Inpatient addiction treatment programs will help you achieve sobriety and keep from relapsing. Mental health therapists are available to educate you on the essential life techniques to sustain recovery.

Turn your life around today by reaching out to a treatment clinic.


Cognitive behavioural therapy helps people deal with dysfunctional thoughts and feelings and to recover from addiction.


CBT is now an internationally accepted mode of treatment for addictions. Through CBT, the patients are shown how to connect their actions to their thoughts and feelings so they can be aware of how these factors are affecting their recovery.

Some addiction patients also have other issues concurrently occurring with the addiction problems like:

  • Panicking
  • ADD or Attention Deficit Disorder
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Eating disorders
  • Various forms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

There are many rehab centres that provide CBT and you can find one near you today.


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How Cbt Works

CBT recognizes that many behaviours and feeling are dangerous and make no sense. Such reactions and feelings may be brought on by traumatic occurrence or background.

A recovering user may have certain negative thoughts that automatically come to mind and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can help to identify them. Automatic thoughts are generally impulsive and often as a result of misconceptions and internal feelings of fear and self-doubt. Trying to suppress the pain inflicted by these experiences people self-medicate with alcohol and drugs.


Being able to isolate these feelings and emotions and recognize what brings them on empowers the addicted person to fight the addiction.

These addiction can be gradually minimised if they address the past experiences and thoughts. Once they can cope with the issues without freaking out, they are then taught how to cultivate healthy habits in place of the substances they were addicted to.


Dependency Treatment And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Whenever there is an addiction, there is usually another mental issue such as depression and anxiety disorders and these usually stem from automatic negative thoughts.

This clearly indicates that the automatic thoughts within the mind can make an individual susceptible to drug abuse and alcoholism as well.

Triggers - certain situations that provoke, i.e. "trigger", cravings for substance during the day - prevent many addicts from living a sober life. The National Institute On Drug Abuse has mentioned that help can be received by recovering addicts from cognitive-behavioural therapy to deal with the triggers which result in the cravings.


Drug Addiction And Alcoholism Can Be Overcome With The Help Of Cbt Because

  • Helping to dispel my persuasions and feeling of insecurity, which result in substance abuse, from the patient's mind.
  • Providing DIY techniques to lift the patients' spirits.
  • Training people how to speak up about their feelings to others.

Keys For Controlling Triggers

  • Recognise
  • Identify the circumstances which can lead to the use of drugs and alcohol.
  • Keep Away From Them (Avoid)
  • This involves distancing yourself from your triggers as much as possible.
  • Manage
  • This involves dealing with the thoughts and feelings that cause you to abuse the substance using methods learnt in CBT.

Patients can well practice CBT techniques even at the places other than the therapist's office. Whether you are at home or in a group, there are many situations that you can use to practice the CBT exercises.

Some of the self-help exercises taught in support groups such as SMART - Self Management and Recovery Training incorporate certain aspects of CBT.


Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Methods

To help a user to recover, there are special methods that are utilized in CBT.

Here are some examples of CBT techniques that are widely used in treatment of addictions:

  • Though Records
  • The patients are encouraged to stop and evaluate their thoughts see if they are worth keeping them or if they are better discarded.
  • They are required to list the evidence in favour of or against the automatic thoughts and indulge in a comparison and a contrast to the thoughts.
  • The aim is to help them think positive, productive thoughts.

Example "my manager thinks I'm useless." For that, I need to use alcohol to get over this feeling "can be changed to " I accept my mistake and will rectify it next time. I'll do better next time, and my manager will be happy with me. This will lead them to realize that they don't need alcohol to feel better.

  • Behavioural Experiments
  • These exercises are helpful in contrasting negative thoughts with the positive ones to understand which one is better effective for changing behaviour.
  • One person may react better when they self-criticize while another will do great when they self-motivated.
  • The whole point of behavioural experiments is in finding out what works best for the particular individual.

For example, some people may drink less if they criticize themselves more while others may drink less if they encourage themselves more.

  • Imagery Based Exposure
  • The people can overcome their feelings by thinking of a past experience that was unpleasant.
  • During this moment, they are required to take note of every sight, emotion, sound, thought and impulse.
  • The anxiousness caused by certain negative experiences can be lessened by going over these experiences over and over.

Example: Painful childhood memories haunt an individual who constantly focuses on them. He recollects every information and feeling during that time. The consistent exposure to his past begins to cause him less pain and reduces the requirement to self-medicate with the use of alcohol or drugs.

  • Schedule for Pleasant Activities
  • This is a technique that is executed by drawing up a schedule of fun yet healthy activities to provide recreation and breaks from the everyday routine.
  • The key is to have activities that are uncomplicated and easy to execute while bringing out positive feelings.
  • The need to use drugs or alcohol can be reduced with the help of these activities since they will help to curb the negative thoughts that tend to creep up automatically.

Example: In the place of drinking or indulging in drugs while working, a worn-out financial advisor unwinds at his desk for quarter an hour daily. They may choose to use that time to listen to some music or read on something interesting.


How Cbt Or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Varies From Other Therapies

While others therapies may be less hands-on, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy provides an approach that is much more attentive.

Addicts in treatment are expected to go beyond just talking to the therapist during the CBT sitting and the therapist is not just a passive listener. In its place, addiction victims and therapists work collectively to overcome dependency.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is based on actions and faster recovery. Lots of mid length rehabilitation programs that last from 60 to 90 days include CBT techniques to give patients more opportunities to cop? with their problems.

It may takes years to see tangible results with most psychotherapy methods. Positive results in CBT may be visible in as little as sixteen sessions.

Due to it's highly adaptable nature, CBT is used in both private and group counselling and it is also used in residential and non-residential rehab programs. A lot of rehabilitation facilities and addiction therapists use CBT as a part of their treatment programs.