Indicators what-is-addiction

Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction

An indicator is something the patient feels and explains while a clue is something that others like doctor or friends see in the patient. Example is the case of dilated pupils being a sign while constant sleepiness is a symptom.

Drug Addiction - an addicted person cannot resist or restrict himself to the intake of the substance be it drug, alcohol, cigarette. They keep taking it, despite the fact that it might bring about mischief (the individual could conceivably know about the potential damage).


Uncontrollable urge could be occasioned by dependence on a substance. It will be extremely difficult for the addict to stop using the substance without external assistance, even when they want to.


The clues and indicators that someone is addicted differ from one person to the other, depend on the drug, the genes of the individual and status in life.

Some of the symptoms and signs of drug dependence can include

  • It becomes difficult for the person to desist from using the substance - like drug, alcohol or nicotine, even when the person has attempted to stop at least on one occasion.
  • Reactions when trying to stop taking the drug, when the body has less of the substance than it is used to, it reacts, and the person can have physical pains and altered moods. Other signs are an uncontrollable need to take the drug, short temper, irritability, short temper, loss of concentration, hopelessness, lack of purpose, annoyance, rage, offense, and animosity.
  • There could be a sudden increase in appetite. Withdrawal also comes with insomnia. Constant vomiting and constipation may also occur in some situations. There may be seizures, hallucinations, sweats, trembling, and violence when certain substances are involved.
  • The addiction carries on regardless of health problems - an addicted person cannot take the drug even if they have developed sickness through taking it. To give an example, someone who smokes might continue to smoke even after a heart/lung issue has developed.
  • Recreational or social sacrifices - because of the substance addiction, some actions are forfeited. Example is a smoker turning down a meeting with friends in an environment that is smoke free or an alcohol addict refusing to attend a profitable social gathering that does not involve alcohol.
  • Keeping a good supply - the person always makes sure they have access to the substance, even if they don't have a lot of money. To ensure that the substance is as abundant as possible, sacrifices may be made to the household's budget.
  • Taking risks (1) - some of the addicts may go as far as prostituting or stealing in the bid to raise money for the substance.
  • Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
  • Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
  • Fixation - an addict may spend more energy and time concentrating on manners of to get his/her drug, and in certain instances on how to use the drug.
  • Loneliness and secrecy - in several instances addicts might use the substance on their own, or even secretly.
  • Denial - a considerable number of addicts are living in a state of denial. These addicts do not know (or deny to admit) that they in fact have an issue.
  • Excessive use - with certain addictions, like alcohol, a few substances and even nicotine, the person uses it excessively. Some noticeable health symptoms like persistent cough, sore throat and blackouts that erase part of their memory could be the case.
  • Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. Some smokers who will discover that it is no longer easy for them to cope with the physical demands of their favourite sports may also resort to this.
  • Having stashes - hiding some portions of the abused substance in the car or some place in the house may become the case for some persons.
  • Consuming a dose that is initially larger - this is typical with alcoholism. An alcoholic might drink quickly to get drunk faster and feel good.
  • Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. It may be because the individual cannot judge right, thus do things they normally won't do, or deliberately do something unlawful to obtain the substance.
  • Money problems - if buying the substance causes a financial burden, and addict might sacrifice other things to make sure the supply is maintained. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
  • Relationship issue; these are more normal in drug/liquor fixation.

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Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.