The consumption of alcohol or drugs are placing an enormous burden on the UK society apart from negatively affecting every aspect of the individual's life, having an impact of their family, friends and the community at large.
The link between violations of the law, alcohol, and illicit substances is one of the risky areas when it comes to abuse of alcohol and illicit substances.
Over 80% of all cases of incarceration within the UK are related to the consumption of alcohol and drugs, and the criminal activities include domestic violence, driving while intoxicated, property offences, drug-related offences and offences related to public order.
Because of such extensive increase in the abuse of substance, the number of people in prison has drastically increased.
40% of all violent crimes are attributed to alcohol according to the Ministry of Justice which has confirmed that nearly 37% of about 2 million convicted offenders who are presently in jail were reportedly consuming alcohol during the time of their arrest.
More rapes, murders, assaults and other violent crimes have come about as a result of alcohol use compared to any other drug. An alcohol use related statistics of aggressive offenders shows that an average of all assaults and homicides takes place when the victim, offender, or both have been drinking, in about 3 million fierce offences that occur yearly in which the victims notice the offender to have been drinking. Most offenders in aggressive offences, leaving aside burglary, are likely to have taken some other drugs.
When the offender and offended know one other, alcohol is usually involved when violence breaks out between them. Compared to cases where people were attacked by strangers, there were more incidents involving alcohol in cases where the victim was attacked by someone they knew such as a partner. Hundreds of thousand of incidents not involving spouses but involving family members or close acquaintances occur after one or more persons involved had been drinking.
Understanding the relationship between alcohol and crime is not easy and one of the main debates is whether the drugs are the main reason behind the crimes or if people who use drugs are already likely to participate in criminal activities.
Many users of illegal drugs do not commit any crimes, and a number of individuals who commit crimes do not use illegal drugs. Meanwhile, the relationship between crime and chronic drug use is high and direct, and constant use of drugs can trigger other innate criminal tendencies.
Primarily, the kinds of drug-related crimes come to three:
Most drug crime cases including robbery, shop lifting, and unlawful dealing in questionable goods in the market involve persons hooked on drugs forfeiting arrest to make quick money to buy drugs in order to get high. 17% of inmates in 2004 said that getting money to buy drugs was their motivation for committing their crime. When it comes to boys and girls or women and men, where many of them are recognised by the criminal justice system, strong connections have been established between being exploited for or involved in prostitution and substance abuse. Drug us is not only a factor that correlates to sexual exploitation, but also a way for those being exploited to cope.
In the UK, drunk driving is the third most common crime with more than one million people arrested every year. Drunk driving is considered as the number one cause of bodily harm, physical challenge and death among young people underneath 21 years of age and accounts for 40% of traffic offenses committed. When it comes to vehicular road accidents where the motorist's ability to drive was affected by alcohol, 36 individuals lose their lives on a daily basis and an estimated 700 of them sustain some physical harm. 18% of motor vehicle drunk driving deaths are attributed to drugs such as marijuana and cocaine, in some cases drug and alcohol mixed.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration stated that, in 2007, an estimated one out of every eight drivers on weekend nights test positive for illicit drugs. One out of every eight seniors in high school responded to a study conducted in 2010 confirmed that they had been driving after smoking marijuana within two weeks earlier in the survey interview.
Most of the physician endorsed drugs such as opioid pain killers and benzodiazepenes usually recommended for uneasiness or rest issue provides clear warning against driving and operation of machinery for a predetermined time after consuming the drug. The abuse of prescription drugs [ingested without medical supervision] can result in impaired driving apart from various harmful reactions becoming likely.
Four out of five preteens and adolescents who are in juvenile detention centres are apprehended for law violations where illicit substances or alcohol was involved, they ere drunk or high from alcoholic beverages or illicit substances, confessed to having dependency and substance misuse problems, and / or they gave a positive screening for drugs.
1.9 million of 2.4 million adolescent captures had substance mishandle and drug addiction problems, however, only 68,600 adolescents got substance addiction treatment.
When it comes to domestic violence involving spouses, three out of four occurrences allegedly included a guilty party who had been utilizing liquor.
1999 study on women attacked by partners showed huge increase of reported cases associated to substance abuse and health related issues to be the origin of the violence. 33% of women coping with physical violence reported drug and alcohol problems, as opposed to just 16% of those who did not experience violence.
Other immediate relatives are also affected by domestic abuse. Pre-teens who saw their mother get abused had a 50% chance of misusing substances when compared to those who hadn't, according to a study conducted in the UK.
The statistics shows that out of the total people encountering abusive behavior at home, liquor assumed a part in 55% of the cases, and drugs was a reason in just 9% of the cases; for spousal brutality, liquor was a consider 65% of the cases, versus 5% for medications.
There are several factors that add up and lead to child maltreatment, even though there are no particular profiles for abusive individuals and no "cause" associated with the maltreatment. Most often stress and pressure on the family, liquor and medication addiction, and social separation prompt to parental anxiety and results in a parent abusing their children. 4 in 10 reported cases on child molestation can be traced to drinking during occurrence of the incident.
Estimates are available to show that about 50% of prisoners meet the criteria for drug abuse and dependence but the number among the people who need treatment receiving it is fewer than 20%.
Without getting medical care for their dependency, avoiding law violations and re-apprehension by the law in future is impossible for a lot of individuals in the system. After release from prison, about 95% of former inmates go back to using drugs and alcohol and 60 - 80 % of these abusers commit a new crime, usually drug related.
Treatment is the only option for breaking the criminal justice cycle for wrongdoers with medication and liquor issues. Treatment is the safest way people struggling with drug addiction stand to benefit and it research shows recovery is real. Research also indicates reduction of substance abuse is equal to criminal acts decline. Correctional institutions serve to assist people struggling in life to get a grip on reality.
Treatment can also save money. '5.60 was saved on each dollar paid for medical care when it came to reducing medical expenses, imprisonments, apprehensions, food stamp usage, and child welfare, according to the findings of one study. As the criminal conduct diminishes as liquor and medication utilize diminish, it also go a long way in saving tax money through proper medication counteractive action and treatment.